Sofa Agreement Kuwait

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Governments are increasingly turning to DCAs to improve their military capabilities. For example, since the 1990s, Bulgaria has been waging a modernization campaign involving dozens of DCAs which, according to US diplomats, “are based on the premise that Bulgaria is facing new asymmetric security threats and not traditional threats to its territory.” Footnote 57 In 2011, Indonesia sued the DCA with a large number of partners, including Russia, South Korea, China, Serbia and India – to “modernize the country`s most important weapons system.” Footnote 58 Modernization also includes research and development and industrial cooperation. In 2005, the Ukrainian Defence Minister argued that a DCA with Russia would exploit the “scientific and industrial potential of Ukraine and Russia” and allow “co-production agreements for defence companies in the development and production of armaments and military equipment”. Footnote 59 Officer exchanges and training programs present another source of military capabilities. After a deal with Australia in 2006, a Philippine defence official said: “It`s like a basketball game. We need to train with other players from other teams to learn new skills and techniques to raise the level of our game.¬†Footnote 60 The Minister of Defence said: “In three years, we could increase the military will from 45% to 70%.” Footnote 61 In the years that followed, U.S. defence policy evolved to manage an increasingly complex security environment. U.S. Secretary of Defense Ash Carter recently expressed the need for a “safety net in principle,” the key component of which is bilateral defence agreements.

Footnote 55 This network would address both traditional concerns (for example. B “Russian aggression in the East”) and new threats such as terrorism, piracy, refugee flows, humanitarian aid, natural disasters and cyberwarfare. Footnote 56 In short, the new global security environment has increased the demand for new forms of cooperation. Governments don`t just sign SDCs.